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Fusion CS16D Glass Kiln
Cherry Heaven TV
Sentinel Smart Touch Digital Programmer
Sentry Digital Programmer
Sentry Xpress Digital Programmer
Paragon Fusion CS5630 Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion CS26 Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion CS16D Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion CS19S Glass Kiln
Paragon FiberFuse 16 Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion CS16D Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion CS16S Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion CS14S Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion Ovation Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion 19 Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion 16 Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion 14 Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion 10 Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion 7 Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion 7 Glass Kiln
Paragon Fusion 6 Glass Kiln
Cherry Heaven TV
UK To EU Plug Adapter.
Ceramic Block.
Ceramic Cloth.
EU Plug.
UK-EU Adapter.
Dry Powder Extinguisher.
Glare Resistant Glasses.
HEPA Mask.
heat-resistant Gloves.
Kitiki Cutters.
Kitiki Flush Cutters.
Kitiki Flat-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Pointed-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Bent-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Round-Nose Pliers.
Protective Glasses.
Potter & Brumfield Relay.
Dorset, SW England.
UK 13A Plug.
The AX-4 Digital Controller.
MiniKiln Closed.
Prometheus Pro-7.
Large Rubber Drum 950gm Open
Bartlett-Paragon Touch Screen Digital Controller.
Paragon BlueBird Bead Annealing Kiln.
Lauscha by Carrie Fertig.
Activated Charcoal Granules.
Paragon Caldera Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Caldera Bead Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14SB Glass And Bead Kiln.
Paragon Caldera XL Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon F500 Lampwork Kiln.
Paragon FireFly Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 7 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln.
Paragon GL18ADTSD Glass Kiln.
Paragon HT-14D Heat Treating Furnace.
Paragon Janus 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon KM18D Knife Making Oven.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Unassembled.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Suction Cup.
Paragon Pearl 18 Glass Kiln.
Paragon PMT21 Heat Treating Kiln.
Paragon Door Peephole And Vent.
Stainless Steel Pans.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2B Bead-Door Kiln.
Paragon SC2W Enamelling Kiln.
Paragon SC4 Glass Kiln.
Paragon SC2BW Jewellery And Bead Kiln.
Paragon SC2D Pro-3 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Shelf Kit.
Paragon SC-2 Jade Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer.
Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Touch-Screen Controller.
Paragon SC-2 Pink Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Pro Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Turqoise Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Purple Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Navy Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Berry Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon ST-8 Kiln Table.
Paragon ST-8 Kiln Table With Casters.
Paragon TNF 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon GL24 Kiln Table.
Paragon Xpress 1613 Top Row Of Bricks.
Paragon W Lost-Wax Casting Kiln.
Paragon Lost-Wax Burnout Tray.
USB Plug.
Paragon Xpress E-12 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-12B Bead Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-14 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Xpress Q-11 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Fusion  6 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 7S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 7T Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 10 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 14 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 16 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 19 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion Ovation Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS14S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS16S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS16D Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS19S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS19D Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS26S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS5630S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer.
Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion, CS ClamShell, and FibreFuse Kilns For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, and Lampwork.

Paragon Fusion kilns are generally used for annealing, casting, fusing, moulding, sagging, and slumping glass, although they have other applications. They're 925°C kilns with digital programmers, in Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. Learn about Paragon Fusion, CS ClamShell, and FibreFuse kilns on this page.

There are eighteen: the multi-sided Fusion 6, 7S, 7T, 8, 10, and Ovation 1013, the square 14, 16, 19, CS14S, CS14D, CS16S, CS16D, CS19S, CS19D, CS26S, and FibreFuse 16, and the rectangular CS5630. The numbers 6, 7, 8, and 10 represent the number of sides, and 14, 16, 19, 26, and 56 the approximate interior width in inches. The S versions have single opening: the lid and body joined together. The D have double opening: the lid or the body separately.


Prices here are transparent: they're for UK-EU voltage, CE marked, CL CSA approved, and TUV tested kilns, and include comprehensive instructions, a glass-work guide, UK VAT, and free continuing support from a top-tier international distributor.

For prices, trading terms, and secure on-line shopping, use the shop link below the menu bar near the top-right of any page. The order form is after the price list, near the bottom.

Kilns that weigh over 30kg aren't delivered on a regular parcel-service van: they need a tail-lift lorry with a hydraulic pallet trolley. GB-mainland delivery charges are on the shop page. For other locations, call or mail.

Paragon Fusion 6 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion 7S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 6 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion 7S Glass Kiln: Top Elements.
Paragon Fusion 7T Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 7T Glass Kiln: Side Elements. Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 10 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion 14 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 10 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion 14 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 16 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion 19 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion 16 Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion 19 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion Ovation Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS14S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion Ovation Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS14S Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS16S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS16S Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS16D Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion FiberFuse 16 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS16D Glass Kiln. Paragon FibreFuse 16 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS19S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS19D Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS19S Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS19D Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS26S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS5630S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Fusion CS26S Glass Kiln. Paragon Fusion CS5630S Glass Kiln.
Paragon Table With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Table With Casters. Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Digital Controller. Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Smart-Touch Digital Controller.
Paragon Sentry Programmer. Paragon Sentinel Smart Touch Touch-Screen Controller.
THE PARAGON FUSION, CS CLAMSHELL, AND FIBREFUSE KILNS: A GENERAL INTRODUCTION
Paragon Fusion 6 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS19S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS26S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion, ClamShell CS, and FiberFuse Series Kilns For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lamp Work.

Paragon Fusion kilns are 925°C kilns with ramp-hold digital programmers. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. Customised kilns are made to order, so can't be returned if the colour isn't exactly the same as in the photo.

There are eighteen: the multi-sided Fusion 6, 7S, 7T, 8, 10, and Ovation 1013, the square 14, 16, 19, CS14S, CS14D, CS16S, CS16D, CS19S, CS19D, CS26S, and FibreFuse 16, and the rectangular CS5630. The numbers 6, 7, 8, and 10 represent the number of sides, and 14, 16, 19, 26, and 56 the approximate interior width in inches. The S versions have single opening: the lid and body joined together. The D have double opening: the lid or the body separately.

The Fusion 6, 7S, 7T, 8, and 10 are multi-sided kilns with ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmers. The large Fusion Ovation 1013 is a ten-sided oval kiln with a ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer.

The Fusion 14, 16, and 19 are square kilns with ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmers. The FibreFuse 16 is similar to the Fusion 16 but with a ceramic-fibre interior.

The clamshell CS14S, CS16S, CS19S, CS26S, and CS5630 have a hinged body: it all lifts up with the lid attached. The clamshell CS14D, CS16D, and CS19D series have a hinged body and lid: either can lift up. So, S means single opening and D means double opening. The large CS26S and CS5630 have a Sentry 12-key programmer.

They're ideal for your arts centre, college, course venue, shared craft units, glass-art workshop, glass works, home business, jewellery studio, school, or university.


Fusion kilns are very versatile:

When the programmer turns the elements off at, for example, 700°C, residual heat will continue to increase the temperature briefly. A small kiln can overshoot to 715°C before falling back down. A software modification slows down the heating rate just before the target temperature, reducing any overshoot and improving the accuracy.

The Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer can be upgraded to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel Touch Screen. Both have advanced features, including optional automatic control for an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

For the multi-sided kilns, the top row of bricks doesn't have an element groove, so the firing chamber is stronger around the top edge where the lid closes. In addition, the two meeting surfaces are hardened with refractory cement.

Long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouples replace the bead-style and sheathed-style. They respond more quickly to temperature changes and resist corrosion-failure. However, for high-temperature precision professional use, these can be upgraded to platinum-rhodium S-types.

They don't come with an expensive set of shelves that I've chosen for you, although each kiln has a recommended full-size cordierite shelf. However, the larger shelves are quite heavy, so half-sizes and other sizes might be easier to move and arrange if you want to stack pieces having different dimensions or shapes.


Use them for annealing, casting, fusing, sagging, slumping, dichroic glasses, fire polishing, glass art, lampwork, pâte de verre, and staining glass.

Although smaller kilns are more economic for jewellery-making, you can still use most popular small-scale materials such as Accent Gold, Art Clay metal clays, BullsEye glasses, dichroic glasses, enamels, GlasClay, Image Transfer Solution, Metal Clay Veneer, PMC silver clay, Prometheus bronze clay, ProCopper clay, and SilverEtch.
And there's an increasingly diverse range of other metal clays, such as Cinter, Clay Mania, Creative, Goldie, Hadar Jacobson, Metal Adventures, Meteor, Noble, and PMC Sterling.

You can make architectural parts, beads, bowls, candleholders, chandeliers, decorations, earrings, figurines, fingerprint keepsakes, glass-art, jewellery, miniatures, model parts, necklaces, ornaments, pendants, plates, rings, souvenirs, stained-glass designs, tableware, tiaras, and tiles, as unique hand-crafted pieces or repeatable stock for sale.


If you're not sure that a Fusion CS kiln is the right choice:

Glass kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 925°C. For these, look at the F Series, GL Series, or Pearl Series. These are not hot enough for ceramics.

Although some of the Fusion Series can be made with bead doors, there are kilns designed for bead annealing: look at the 650°C BlueBird or the 1095°C SC-B. If you want a similarly-sized but hotter kiln look at the 1290°C Caldera-AB. If you want a larger hotter kiln look at the 1290°C Xpress-E12AB: a very popular mixed-media kiln.

Ceramics kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1230°C to 1290°C. For these, look at the small Caldera Series, the medium Xpress Series, and the large Janus Series and PMT Series. These can also be used for glass work.


To learn more about other kilns, use the appropriate links above and below the menu bar near the top of the page. Each series has kilns of different sizes and with different options, so I've only included one of each in the table below:


VERSION DESCRIPTION MAX °C POWER W WEIGHT KG FIRING CHAMBER INTERIOR SIZE MM
Fusion 6 top-opening 925 1800 60 firebrick six-sided 279 x 165
Fusion 7S top-opening 925 1800 62 firebrick seven-sided 368 x 165
Fusion 7T top-opening 925 2400 62 firebrick seven-sided 368 x 229
Fusion 8 top-opening 925 4800 87 firebrick eight-sided 445 x 279
Fusion 10 top-opening 925 7200 117 firebrick ten-sided 597 x 279
Fusion 14 top-opening 925 1800 48 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
Fusion CS14S body-opening 925 1800 71 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
Fusion CS14D lid and body-opening 925 1800 71 firebrick square 356 x 356 x 165
Fusion 16 top-opening 925 2400 75 firebrick square 406 x 406 x 165
Fusion CS16S body-opening 925 2400 85 firebrick square 406 x 406 x 165
Fusion CS16D lid and body-opening 925 2400 85 firebrick square 406 x 406 x 165
Fusion FibreFuse 16 top-opening 925 1800 34 fibre 406 x 406 x 152
Fusion 19 square lid-opening 925 3840 95 firebrick square 483 x 483 x 165
Fusion CS19S body-opening 925 3840 98 firebrick square 483 x 483 x 165
Fusion CS19D lid and body-opening 925 3840 98 firebrick square 483 x 483 x 165
Fusion CS26S body-opening 925 7200 240 firebrick square 660 x 660 x 337
Fusion CS5630S body-opening 925 16000 300 firebrick rectangular 1422 x 762 x 406
Fusion Ovation top-opening 925 7200 182 firebrick ten-sided oval 1041 x 572 x 292
BlueBird XL two bead doors 815 1700 36 firebrick rectangular 508 x 229 x 114
Caldera AB one bead door 1290 1800 20 firebrick square 203 x 203 x 171
F500 two punty doors 650 6850 273 firebrick rectangular610 x 457 x 565
Janus 1613 top-opening 1290 4800 90 firebrick eight-sided 419 x 337
Pearl-22 top opening 925 7200 146 firebrick square 559 x 559 x 330
PMT18 front-opening 1290 6500 170 firebrick rectangular 330 x 457 x 330
SC2B front-opening bead door 1095 1680 16 fibre square 199 x 203 x 145
Xpress E12A front opening 1290 2200 38 firebrick rectangular 196 x 295 x 219

Digital programmers allow you to set up sequences, each one with multiple heating, holding, or cooling segments: so you can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them.

Being able to create, edit, and save your own programmes is important because, having experimented and diversified, most people fire materials, or combinations of materials, at different temperatures and for different times than are recommended.


For help, or in the unlikely event of a fault, you can mail or call an engineer in the UK. However, checks, adjustments, and repairs are simple, needing little more than a PosiDriv screwdriver: watch the on-line videos using the watch-videos link or read the help pages using use the help link, both below the menu bar near the top of any page. Alternatively, we can service the kiln in our workshop at Cherry Heaven.


Some tabletop kilns are too large and too heavy for a regular table or worktop. If you can't find one locally, Paragon makes a strong steel table, 768mm x 768mm x 718mm high with two shelves for your accessories.
Of course, although some kilns come with legs, which take up floor space, you don't have to use them. You could stand the kiln on a table if the working height is more convenient. However, you will need to put the kiln on 50mm thick firebricks so that air can circulate.

THE PARAGON FUSION 6 GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 6 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 6 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion 6 is a 925°C, six-sided, top-opening, plug-in, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 483mm x 508mm x 787mm high. The body has two lifting handles, the lid has a chain support, and one of the sides has a wide-view peephole-vent. The separate stand, not shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 60Kg.

The firing chamber measures 279mm x 165mm high, and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 6B has a 165mm x 50mm bead-annealing door with a bead-mandrel holder in one of the sides, the Fusion 6W has a 75mm x 25mm glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 6BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 6.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 150mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing door: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 6 is a fully-programmable starter kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, and studios as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand. If you don't have much floor-space, or prefer eye-level access, put the kiln, without the stand, on a few 50mm high firebricks on a regular worktop.

The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and the lower shelf can be used for drying, cooling, and storing your work.

The optional dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid, glass viewing-window, long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

Unless you're on a limited budget, the Fusion 7S or the taller Fusion 7T might be better than the Fusion 6. The 7S has top elements and is 1.64 times larger inside, and the 7T has side elements and is 2.26 times larger inside.

THE FUSION 6 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 6.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable hexagonal 254mm x 12mm cordierite shelf, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one hexagonal 254mm x 12mm shelf and three posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits, either to use or as spares. This kiln has room for two. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

THE PARAGON FUSION 7S GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 7S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 7S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion 7S is a 925°C, seven-sided, top-opening, plug-in, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 559mm x 662mm x 775mm high. The body has two lifting handles, the lid has a fold-away support, and one of the sides has a wide-view peephole-vent. The separate stand, not shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 62Kg.

The firing chamber measures 368mm x 165mm high, and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 7SB has a 165mm x 50mm bead-annealing door with a bead-mandrel holder in one of the sides, the Fusion 7SW has a 75mm x 25mm glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 7SBW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 7.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 150mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing door: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 7S is a fully-programmable starter kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, and studios as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand. If you don't have much floor-space, or prefer eye-level access, put the kiln, without the stand, on a few 50mm high firebricks on a regular worktop.

The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and the lower shelf can be used for drying, cooling, and storing your work.

The optional dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid, glass viewing-window, long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

There are two versions of the Fusion 7: the Fusion 7S and the 64mm taller Fusion 7T. Unless you're on a limited budget, the taller Fusion 7T might be better: it has side elements and is 1.38 times larger inside. Side elements are better if you want to use several shelves or work with vases, figurines, dolls, or complicated shapes.

THE FUSION 7S RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 7.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable round 330mm x 12mm cordierite shelf, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one round 330mm x 12mm shelf and three posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits, either to use or as spares. This kiln has room for two. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

THE PARAGON FUSION 7T GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 7T Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 7T For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion 7T is a 925°C, seven-sided, top-opening, plug-in, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 559mm x 648mm x 839mm high. The body has two lifting handles, the lid has a fold-away support, and one of the sides has a wide-view peephole-vent. The separate stand, not shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 63Kg.

The firing chamber measures 368mm x 229mm high, and heats from the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick sides. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 7T has side elements so can't accept a bead-annealing door, so there's no Fusion 7TB. However, the Fusion 7TW has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides. Otherwise, it's similar to the Fusion 7T.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 7T is a fully-programmable starter kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, and studios as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand. If you don't have much floor-space, or prefer eye-level access, put the kiln, without the stand, on a few 50mm high firebricks on a regular worktop.

The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and the lower shelf can be used for drying, cooling, and storing your work.

The optional glass viewing-window, long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

There are two versions of the Fusion 7: the Fusion 7S and the 64mm taller Fusion 7T. Unless you're on a limited budget, the taller Fusion 7T might be better: it has side elements and is 1.38 times larger inside. Side elements are better if you want to use several shelves or work with vases, figurines, dolls, or complicated shapes.

THE FUSION 7T RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 7T.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable round 330mm x 12mm cordierite shelf, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one round 330mm x 12mm shelf and three posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits, either to use or as spares. This kiln has room for three.

THE PARAGON FUSION 8 GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 8 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion 8 is a 925°C, eight-sided, top-opening, wired-in, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 4800W, so it needs a 20A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 635mm x 724mm x 889mm high. The body has two lifting handles, the lid has a fold-away support, and one of the sides has a wide-view peephole-vent. The separate stand, not shown in the first photo, is 457mm x 457mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 87Kg.

The firing chamber measures 445mm x 229mm high, and heats from the top and the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and sides. For durability, the meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 8 has side elements so can't accept a bead-annealing door, so there's no Fusion 8B. However, the Fusion 8W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides. Otherwise, it's similar to the Fusion 8.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves


And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 8 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, and studios as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand.

The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and the lower shelf can be used for drying, cooling, and storing your work.

The optional dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid, glass viewing-window, long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

The kiln has two relays. This is an important safety feature as if one relay fails either the top or side elements will turn off and the kiln can't over-fire and damage your work.


There is a plug-in 13A 3200W Fusion 8. However, compared to the wired-in 4800W version, it takes longer to heat up, might not reach its maximum temperature, and the set temperature could change with local voltage variations. As an example, a voltage reduction from 240v to 230v will reduce the wattage by about 92%. There's a limit to the heat that a 13A socket can provide and sustain. However, I can have it made for you if plug-in is important.

THE FUSION 8 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 8.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable octagonal 394mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one octagonal 394mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits, either to use or as spares. This kiln has room for three.

THE PARAGON FUSION 10 GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 10 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 10 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion 10 is a 925°C, ten-sided, top-opening, wired-in, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 7200W, so it needs a 30A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 775mm x 1003mm x 889mm high. The body has four lifting handles, the lid has a fold-away support, and one of the sides has a wide-view peephole-vent. The separate stand, not shown in the first photo, is 610mm x 610mm x 457mm high and has four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 117Kg.

The firing chamber measures 597mm x 279mm high, and heats from the top and the sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and sides. The meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 10 has side elements so can't accommodate a bead-annealing door, so there's no Fusion 10B. However, the Fusion 10W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a ceramic fibre lid with a brushed stainless-steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves


And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 10 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for course venues, schools, and studios as it heats up quickly and can be moved away on its rolling stand.

The table's upper-shelf has a circular cut-out for an optional electric kiln vent, and the lower shelf can be used for drying, cooling, and storing your work.

The optional dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid, glass viewing-window, long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

The kiln has two relays. This is an important safety feature as if one relay fails either the top or side elements will turn off and the kiln can't over-fire and damage your work.

THE FUSION 10 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 10.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable round 533mm x 18mm cordierite shelf, three 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one round 533mm x 18mm shelf and three posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

There's an alternative recommended kit, not included in the price: one half-round 533mm x 18mm shelf and three posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts. A half-shelf allows you to fire things of different heights.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits, either to use or as spares. This kiln has room for three.

THE PARAGON FUSION 14 GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 14 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 14 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion 14 is a 925°C, square, top-opening, plug-in, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 660mm x 559mm x 356mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet, and the lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and a lock-open support. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 48Kg.

The firing chamber measures 356mm x 356mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid. For durability, For durability, the meeting edges of the body and base are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 14B has two 137mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the Fusion 14W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 14BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 14.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a low-dust ceramic-fibre lid with a brushed stainless steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. two 137mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion 14 is a fully-programmable kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 100mm x 100mm glass tiles, a 320mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.

The optional dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid, two bead-annealing doors, heat-resistant glass viewing-window, precision long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

The kiln has two relays. This is an important safety feature as, if one relay fails, one of the elements will turn off and the kiln won't over-fire and damage your work.

THE FUSION 14 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 14.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 305mm x 330mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 305mm x 330mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for two. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS14S GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS14S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS14S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS14S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The CS14S is similar to the Fusion 14 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the whole body lifts up, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the S version has single opening: the whole body.


The Paragon Fusion CS14S is a 925°C, square, top-opening, plug-in, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 686mm x 711mm x 381mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet, and the lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and, for easy opening, two counter-weight springs mounted under the kiln. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln when it's open. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 84Kg.

The firing chamber measures 356mm x 356mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements embedded in the 70mm thick ceramic-fibre lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the body and base are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The CS14SB has two 137mmmm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the CS14SW has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the CS14SBW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 14.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 14, above, and are in the on-line shop:


The Fusion CS14S is a fully-programmable kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 100mm x 100mm glass tiles, a 320mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.

The dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid, and the optional bead-annealing doors, glass viewing-window, long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

The kiln has two relays. This is an important safety feature as if one relay fails either the top or side elements will turn off and the kiln can't over-fire and damage your work.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS14D GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS14D For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The CS14D is similar to the Fusion 14 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the lid and body lift up separately, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the D version has double opening: the lid and body separately.

To prevent the lid or body falling during opening, the kiln has two safety latches: one holds the lid closed when lifting the body and the other holds the body closed when lifting the lid.


The options and upgrades are the same as for the Fusion 14, except the CS14D can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

THE PARAGON FUSION 16 GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 16 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion 16 Bead Door Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 16 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion 16 is a 925°C, square, top-opening, plug-in, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 749mm x 610mm x 876mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet, and the lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and a lock-open support. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 89Kg.

The firing chamber measures 406mm x 406mm x 165mm high, and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. For durability, For durability, the meeting edges of the body and base are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 16B has two 162mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the Fusion 16W has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 16BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 16.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a low-dust ceramic-fibre lid with a brushed stainless steel top: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. two 162mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion 16 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 120mm x 120mm glass tiles, a 360mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.

The optional dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid, two bead-annealing doors, heat-resistant glass viewing-window, precision long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

The kiln has two relays. This is an important safety feature as, if one relay fails, one of the elements will turn off and the kiln won't over-fire and damage your work.

THE FUSION 16 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 16.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 381mm x 381mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 381mm x 381mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for two. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS16S GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS16S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS16S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS16S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The CS16S opens in a different way to the Fusion 14 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the whole body lifts up, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So the S version has single opening: the whole body.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 749mm x 610mm x 876mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand and the lid has two counter-weight springs mounted under the kiln. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln when it's open. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 84Kg.

The firing chamber measures 406mm x 406mm x 165mm high, and heats from the top, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. The meeting edges of the lid and floor are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 16, above, and are in the on-line shop.


The Fusion CS16S is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 120mm x 120mm glass tiles, a 360mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.

The optional dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid, two bead-annealing doors, heat-resistant glass viewing-window, precision long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

The kiln has two relays. This is an important safety feature as, if one relay fails, one of the elements will turn off and the kiln won't over-fire and damage your work.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS16D GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS16D Glass Fusing Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS16D Glass Sagging And Slumping Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS16D Glass Sagging And Slumping Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Controller.

The Paragon Fusion CS16D For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The CS16D is similar to the Fusion 16 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the lid and body lift up separately, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the D version has double opening: the lid and body separately.

To prevent the lid or body falling during opening, the kiln has two safety latches: one holds the lid closed when lifting the body and the other holds the body closed when lifting the lid.


The options and upgrades are the same as for the Fusion 16, except the CS16D can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

THE PARAGON FUSION FIBREFUSE 16 GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 16 FibreFuse Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion 16 FibreFuse Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion FibreFuse 16 is a 925°C, square, top-opening, plug-in, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 762mm x 533mm x 330mm high. The body stands on a 50mm high base with four rubber feet, the light-weight top has a side-to-side stay-cool wooden handle, and the lid can lean back and stay-open. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 89Kg.

The ceramic-fibre firing chamber measures 406mm x 406mm x 152mm high, and heats from the sides with the sinusoidal elements surface-mounted on the 50mm thick fibre.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion FibreFuse 16 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 120mm x 120mm glass tiles, a 360mm diameter bowl or plate, or a wine bottle.

THE FUSION FIBREFUSE 16 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion FibreFuse 16.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 381mm x 381mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 381mm x 381mm x 15mm shelf and four posts, or one 178mm x 178mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for two. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

THE PARAGON FUSION 19 GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion 19 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion 19 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion 19 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion 19 is a 925°C, square, top-opening, wired-in, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3840W, so it needs a 16A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 826mm x 737mm x 387mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet, and the lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and a lock-open support. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln when it's open. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 96Kg.

The firing chamber measures 483mm x 483mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements embedded in the 70mm thick ceramic-fibre lid. For durability, the meeting edges of the body and base are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The Fusion 19B has two 200mm x 50mm bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the Fusion 19W has a 75mm x 25mm glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the Fusion 19BW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 19.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 19, above, and are in the on-line shop.

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. two 137mm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors: factory fitted
List. a 75mmx 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion:

The Fusion 19 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for sixteen 100mm x 100mm glass tiles, a 420mm diameter bowl or plate, or a large champagne bottle.

The dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid, and the optional two bead-annealing doors, heat-resistant glass viewing-window, precision long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

THE FUSION 19 RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion 19.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 432mm x 432mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 432mm x 432mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for two. However, a second shelf might not suit some processes that need direct radiant heat.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS19S GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS19S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS19S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS19S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The CS19S is similar to the Fusion 19 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the whole body lifts up, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the S version has single opening: the whole body.


The Paragon Fusion CS19S is a 925°C, square, top-opening, wired-in, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3840W, so it needs a 16A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 864mm x 838mm x 387mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet, and the lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and, for easy opening, three counter-weight springs mounted under the kiln. The kiln base extends 100mm at the back to support the weight of the kiln when it's open. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 98Kg.

The firing chamber measures 483mm x 483mm x 165mm high and heats from the top, with the elements embedded in the 70mm thick ceramic-fibre lid. The meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The CS19SB has two 200mmmm x 50mm letter-box style bead-annealing doors with bead-mandrel holders in one of the sides, the CS19SW has a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in one of the sides, and the CS9SBW has both. Otherwise, they're similar to the Fusion 19.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are the same as for the Fusion 19, above, and are in the on-line shop.


The Fusion CS19S is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for sixteen 100mm x 100mm glass tiles, a 420mm diameter bowl or plate, or a large champagne bottle.

The dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid, and the optional bead-annealing doors, glass viewing-window, long-life S-type thermocouple, and electric vent are favourites with serious glass artists.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS19D GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS19D Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS19D Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS19D For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The CS19D is similar to the Fusion 19 but, instead of just the lid lifting up, the lid and body lift up separately, making it easier to arrange your work on the floor of the kiln. So, the D version has double opening: the lid and body separately.

To prevent the lid or body falling during opening, the kiln has two safety latches: one holds the lid closed when lifting the body and the other holds the body closed when lifting the lid.


The options and upgrades are the same as for the Fusion 19, except the CS19D can't accept cut-outs in the side firebricks for bead-annealing doors or a glass viewing-window without sacrificing its general rigidity.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS26S GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS26S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS26S Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Touch Screen Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS26S For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion CS26S is a 925°C, square, top-opening, wired-in, table-top kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon black, or customised berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 7200W, so it needs a 30A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 921mm x 1067mm x 705mm high. The body has a 50mm high stand with four rubber feet, and the lid has a stay-cool wooden handle and two air-pistons. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 240Kg.

The firing chamber measures 660mm x 660mm x 337mm high, and heats from the top and the sides, with the top elements enclosed in six quartz tubes in the 70mm thick ceramic-fibre lid, and three rows of side elements lying in grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. The meeting edges of any ceramic-fibre and firebrick are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally black
List. a programmer upgrade from a Sentry 12-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion CS26S is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. There's room for nine 150mm x 150mm glass tiles.

The optional dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid is a favourite with serious glass artists, as are the electric vent and S-type thermocouple.

THE FUSION CS26S RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion CS26S.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 610mm x 610mm x 25mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 610mm x 610mm x 25mm shelf and four posts, or one 560mm x 279mm x 25mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for two.

THE PARAGON FUSION OVATION 1013 GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion Ovation Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer. Paragon Fusion Ovation Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion Ovation 1013 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion Ovation 1013 is a 925°C, ten-sided, top-opening, wired-in, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent the number of sides or one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. For this kiln, 1013 means it has ten sides and is about 13 inches high.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 9000W, so it needs a 38A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 1448mm x 991mm x 1016mm high. The body has four lifting handles, the lid is spring-assisted with a fold-away support, and there are two wide-view peephole-vents in one of the sides. The two separate stands, not shown in the first photo, are 610mm x 610mm x 457mm high and have four optional lockable casters. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 216Kg.

The firing chamber measures 1041mm x 572mm x 330mm, and heats from the top and sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick firebrick lid and sides. The meeting edges of the lid and body are hardened with refractory cement. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate drying, heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


As it has side elements, it can't accept a bead-annealing door. However, the two peep-holes can be replaced by two 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-windows.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise control box respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade from a Sentry 12-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion Ovation 1013 is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios as it's guaranteed for two years. It's large enough to hold several stacked shelves, arranged as full shelves or half shelves.

There are other similar versions: the 925°C Fusion Ovation 1011, 1022, and 1213 for glass work, and the 1095°C Janus Ovation 1022 for ceramics. For details please call or mail.

THE FUSION OVATION RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion Ovation.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: two durable 533mm x 457mm x 15mm half-oval cordierite shelves, eight 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: two durable 533mm x 457mm x 15mm half-oval shelves and eight posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for three.


However, if you want to work on one continuous flat surface, there's an alternative recommended kit, not included in the price: one oval 965mm x 521mm x 38mm Corelite extruded shelf and six 12mm posts. It's diamond ground to be flat.

Using a Corelite shelf needs care. It might crack if it overheats in one place or if the heating rate is faster than 110°C per hour. Before buying this, research it.

THE PARAGON FUSION CS5630 GLASS ANNEALING, CASTING, FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Paragon Fusion CS5630 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer. Paragon Fusion CS5630 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Touch Screen Programmer.

The Paragon Fusion CS-5630 For Glass Annealing, Beads, Casting, Fusing, Sagging, Slumping, And Lampwork.

The Paragon Fusion CS5630S is a 925°C, rectangular, top-opening, wired-in, floor-standing kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry 12-key digital programmer. In Paragon black, or customised berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 16000W, so it needs a 67A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 1791mm x 1346mm x 1321mm high. The body has four legs, heavy-duty lockable castors, levellers, and a lid with three handles and two easy-lift pneumatic cylinders. The sides have two 50mm x 75mm vents with hinged covers. There's an integrated shelf. The shipping weight including the box, crate, or pallet is about 695Kg.

The firing chamber measures 1422mm x 762mm x 406mm high, and heats from the top, all the sides, and the bottom. The ten top elements are in quartz tubes just under 75mm thick ceramic fibreboard. The side elements are in dropped recessed grooves with in the 76mm thick firebricks, with a 25mm layer of fibreboard behind. The floor elements are in 114mm thick firebricks which have have two expansion joints. The kiln has two mercury relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

A motorized Orton Vent Master is mounted in the back wall of the kiln on rubber isolators to prevent vibration. It removes moisture and gases from the kiln through two rear-mounted collection cups. It plugs into an auxiliary output in the back of the kiln so it can be controlled by the programmer.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. It includes a power-ratio feature so that you can control the balance between the top and side elements.


As the Fusion CS5630 has side elements, it can't accommodate a bead-annealing door or a glass viewing-window.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, blue, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally black
List. a programmer upgrade from a Sentry 12-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: needs 12-key or touch: factory fitted
List. a USB computer interface: needs 12-key or touch:factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Fusion CS5630S is a fully-programmable professional kiln for general glass work, and ideal for commercial studios. There's room for nine 150mm x 150mm glass tiles. It's guaranteed for two years.

The optional dust-free one-piece ceramic-fibre lid is a favourite with serious glass artists, as are the electric vent and S-type thermocouple.

THE FUSION CS5630S RECOMMENDED SHELF KIT

Shelf Kits For The Fusion CS5630S.

There's a recommended kit, not included in the price: one durable 610mm x 610mm x 25mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gms of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 610mm x 610mm x 25mm shelf and four posts, or one 560mm x 279mm x 25mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for two.

RECOMMENDED READING
General Help and FAQs For Kilns. Paragon Kiln Shelf Kit. Paragon Relay. Paragon Transformer.

Kilns, Digital Programmers, Kiln Furniture, Options, Upgrades, Firing, Kiln Logs, Accessories, Materials, Parts, Processes, Repairs, And Tools.

The remaining sections are about digital programmers, shelf kits, options, upgrades, firing, kiln logs, accessories, materials, parts, processes, repairs, and tools. Unless you're already successfully using a kiln, they're recommended reading.


Cherry Heaven has been a Paragon distributor since 2002, and commended every year for outstanding performance. Paragon kilns are good value: buy Paragons and you could save enough to treat yourself to a luxury five-star weekend break.

Anyone can buy a kiln to resell and call themselves a specialist, but a top-tier distributor understands all the kilns, options, and upgrades, will stock spares, offers free competent technical support, can help you repair your kiln, provides on-line repair videos, has a repair workshop, and can access Paragon's extensive knowledge-base.

If you need help, you can mail an experienced technician or call . Alternatively, to learn more about how your kiln works, use the help link below the menu bar near the top of the page.

THE PARAGON SENTRY XPRESS 4.0 3-KEY DIGITAL PROGRAMMER
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 Programmer PCB. Orton-Paragon Sentry 2.0 Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel SmartTouch Controller.

The Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 3-Key Digital Controller.

Before February 2019, Paragon used three programmers: a Sentry Xpress 4.0 3-key or a Sentry 2.0 12-key developed by the Orton Ceramic Foundation and Paragon, or a Sentinel SmartTouch touch-screen programmer developed by Bartlett and Paragon.

In February 2019, two were modified, leading to the Sentry Xpress 5.0 3-key and the Sentry 3.0 12-key. The modifications had little effect on the basic functionality so kilns might ship with the older programmers for some time.

All three are made as ramp-hold, or cone-fire ramp-hold. Your kiln will have the appropriate programmer although, if it has a Sentry Xpress 4.0 ramp-hold, you can upgrade it to cone-fire ramp-hold. If the kiln's front panel is large enough, you can upgrade from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch.

Generally, programmers for annealing beads, enamelling, glass fusing, jewellery, knife-making, lampwork, and metal clays have one firing mode: ramp-hold. And programmers for ceramics, earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware have two firing modes: cone-fire and ramp-hold.


Unlike calculators, programmers aren't made 10 million at a time. Although they look like simple circuit boards, they include sophisticated feature-rich embedded software that has taken years to develop and refine.


The Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 3-key programmer allows you to set up four ramp-hold firing sequences, each one with up to eight heating, holding, or cooling segments. You can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them.

It's easy to use: far easier than a central heating programmer. Here's a Cherry Heaven TV programme about setting a simple ramp-hold sequence. The ramp is the part where the temperature increases until it reaches the target temperature: the hold is the part where the temperature stays the same. UK-EU programmers will be in degrees Celsius.


Cherry Heaven TV provides on-line programmes on the Cherry Heaven TV Player. To use the player, click the controls or drag the time-line slider or volume slider to a new position.


00:00  00:00

The programmer runs a sequence that you have set, or one that's in its memory from a previous firing. A sequence usually has a mix of ramp and hold segments, for example: it could heat to 800°C at full speed then hold for 30 minutes. When the sequence ends, the programmer beeps, and the kiln cools in it's own time.

A ramp segment of a sequence can control the rate of heating or cooling, for example: the kiln could heat up at 200°C per hour from 200°C to 800°C, which would take three hours. Or, the kiln could cool down at 100°C per hour from 600°C to 200°C, which would take four hours.

The heating rate cannot exceed the rate at which the kiln would heat up if it was full on. The cooling rate cannot exceed the rate at which the kiln would cool if it was turned off. At full speed the elements are on all the time. During set ramps and holds they turn on and off repeatedly to maintain the heating rate, hold temperature, or cooling rate.

THE PARAGON SENTRY 2.0 12-KEY DIGITAL PROGRAMMER
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 4.0 Programmer PCB. Orton-Paragon Sentry 2.0 Programmer. Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel SmartTouch Controller.

The Orton-Paragon Sentry 2.0 12-Key Digital Controller.

Before February 2019, Paragon used three programmers: a Sentry Xpress 4.0 3-key or a Sentry 2.0 12-key developed by the Orton Ceramic Foundation and Paragon, or a Sentinel SmartTouch touch-screen programmer developed by Bartlett and Paragon.

In February 2019, two were modified, leading to the Sentry Xpress 5.0 3-key and the Sentry 3.0 12-key. The modifications had little effect on the basic functionality so kilns might ship with the older programmers for some time.

All three are made as ramp-hold, or cone-fire ramp-hold. Your kiln will have the appropriate programmer although, if it has a Sentry Xpress 4.0 ramp-hold, you can upgrade it to cone-fire ramp-hold. If the kiln's front panel is large enough, you can upgrade from a Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel SmartTouch.

Generally, programmers for annealing beads, enamelling, glass fusing, jewellery, knife-making, lampwork, and metal clays have one firing mode: ramp-hold. And programmers for ceramics, earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware have two firing modes: cone-fire and ramp-hold.


Unlike calculators, programmers aren't made 10 million at a time. Although they look like simple circuit boards, they include sophisticated feature-rich embedded software that has taken years to develop and refine.


The Paragon Sentry 2.0 12-key digital programmer allows you to set up nine ramp-hold firing sequences, each one with up to ten heating, holding, or cooling segments. You can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them. It also offers advanced and time-saving features, including optional automatic control over an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

It's easy to use: far easier than a central heating programmer. Here's a Cherry Heaven TV programme about setting a simple ramp-hold sequence. The ramp is the part where the temperature increases until it reaches the target temperature: the hold is the part where the temperature stays the same. UK-EU programmers will be in degrees Celsius.


Cherry Heaven TV provides on-line programmes on the Cherry Heaven TV Player. To use the player, click the controls or drag the time-line slider or volume slider to a new position.


00:00  00:00

The programmer runs a sequence that you have set, or one that's in its memory from a previous firing. A sequence usually has a mix of ramp and hold segments, for example: it could heat to 800°C at full speed then hold for 30 minutes. When the sequence ends, the programmer beeps, and the kiln cools in it's own time.

A ramp segment of a sequence can control the rate of heating or cooling, for example: the kiln could heat up at 200°C per hour from 200°C to 800°C, which would take three hours. Or, the kiln could cool down at 100°C per hour from 600°C to 200°C, which would take four hours.

The heating rate cannot exceed the rate at which the kiln would heat up if it was full on. The cooling rate cannot exceed the rate at which the kiln would cool if it was turned off. At full speed the elements are on all the time. During set ramps and holds they turn on and off repeatedly to maintain the heating rate, hold temperature, or cooling rate.

THE PARAGON SENTINEL SMART-TOUCH DIGITAL PROGRAMMER
Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel SmartTouch Touch-Screen Programmer.

The Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel SmartTouch Touch-Screen Digital Controller.

The Paragon Sentinel SmartTouch touch screen digital programmer allows you to set up firing sequences, each one with up to thirty two heating, holding, or cooling segments. You can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them. It also offers advanced and time-saving features, including optional automatic control over an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

It's easy to use: far easier than a central heating programmer. Here's a Cherry Heaven TV programme about using it. The ramp is the part where the temperature increases until it reaches the target temperature: the hold is the part where the temperature stays the same. UK-EU programmers will be in degrees Celsius.


Cherry Heaven TV provides on-line radio and television programmes on the Cherry Heaven TV Player. To use the player, click the controls or drag the time-line slider or volume slider to a new position.


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OPTIONS AND UPGRADES: A GENERAL INTRODUCTION
Paragon Xpress E9A Jewellery Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer: Purple. Paragon Bead Door. Paragon Door Window. Paragon Solid State Relay.

Options And Upgrades.

It's important to learn about options and upgrades now as some have to be factory-fitted. The photo shows a Paragon Xpress E9A customised for a PMC silver clay studio: purple, with the maximum temperature set to 925°C so that students couldn't accidentally melt their silver.


An option is cosmetic or practical, such as a black respray, a right-hand door hinge, a peephole-vent, a bead-annealing door, a door or lid viewing window, or an EU plug.

An upgrade extends the standard specifications, such as a higher maximum temperature, a 3-key to a 12-key programmer, an electric kiln vent, a gas injection control system, an auxilliary power output, or a USB computer interface.

Not every option or upgrade applies to every kiln, so mail or call if you need help. However, if they're appropriate, they're listed in the on-line shop, so just add up the ones you want: but order them with your kiln as they're often difficult, expensive, or impossible, to implement afterwards. It might help if you make a few notes of your own as you read?


Kilns use regular single-phase 230V-240V mains so have 230V EU elements, not 120V US elements. The smaller kilns have UK 13A three-pin plugs: so they're ready to go. If you're not in the UK, use a plug adapter or cut off the UK plug and fit your own: it won't invalidate the guarantee. Alternatively, a special-order kiln can have a factory-fitted EU plug.

Most kilns can be re-engineered for 110V, 200V, 208V, or 220V, single phase or three phase, or 440V three phase. If you're interested, mail or call.


Although standard EU and US kilns have the same maximum temperature, set by the design and the programmer, some 1095°C firebrick kilns can be re-engineered to run at 1230°C, 1260°C, or 1290°C, making them versatile mixed-media kilns. However, to use 1290°C full-on hour after hour, choose an industrial or professional model.

Also, to maintain 1290°C, some upgraded kilns might need thicker firebricks, so they'll be slightly smaller inside: about 12mm on each side. Mail or call if you're interested, or need help deciding.

The UK factory-set maximum temperature is based on a reliable average voltage of 240V. If there's a regional, national, or temporary voltage drop, high-temperature kilns might take longer to reach their specified maximum or not reach it.


Some kilns are normally blue, but can be factory-painted berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, as they're made to order, they can't be returned if the colour isn't exactly the same as in the photo.

Changing the door hinge might be better if your kiln is in the corner of your studio or there's an obstacle that will make access difficult. Give this some thought.

Most of the medium-size top-opening kilns have a standard lift-up lid. Firebrick lids seem heavy to some people so, if you feel that a ceramic fibre lid, a hydraulic-assisted lid, or spring-assisted lid would be easier, mail or call.


If the kiln comes with a Sentry Xpress 3-Key ramp-hold programmer, you can upgrade to a Sentry Xpress 3-Key cone-fire ramp-hold programmer, usually preferred for ceramics. Cone-fire is implemented in the programmer's software and is very easy to use: just set a cone number and start the firing sequence.

Depending on the kiln, you can upgrade a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer to a Sentry 12-Key ten segment ramp-hold, or cone-fire ramp-hold, programmer, with advanced firing features and connection options. The 3-key has a 12-month guarantee and the 12-key has a 30-month guarantee.

A Sentry 12-key programmer can be connected to your computer through a factory-fitted USB interface. The Control Master software allows you to control and monitor the firing, and analyse, arrange, print out, and save the data. If you want this feature, make sure you order the USB interface in the on-line shop.


Depending on the kiln, the 12-key programmer has a power-ratio feature: you can adjust the heat balance between the top and sides in 10% steps and control the heat distribution over larger pieces.

Kilns which only heat from the top, as opposed to the top and sides, don't have the power-ratio feature. However, the initial cost-saving has to be offset against fewer firing options.


With larger kilns, serious glass artists are always concerned about firebrick dust from the lid falling onto their work, so you could upgrade the standard firebrick lid to a factory-fitted ceramic-fibre lid with the elements threaded through pinless grooves in the fibre: or, as a luxury upgrade, with the elements completely embedded in the fibre.


Most kilns come with an electro-mechanical long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple. However, if extra long-life and reliability are vital, you can upgrade to a mercury relay which has a lifetime of several million on-off cycles. The relay can switch 30A, so if you have a kiln that needs 50A, you'll need two relays.

If extra long-life and reliability are vital, especially at temperatures above 1100°C, you can upgrade to a long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple.


Some front-opening kilns are just too large and too heavy for a regular worktop, so Paragon makes a strong steel table, 768mm x 768mm x 718mm high, with two shelves for your accessories. The luxury version, with castors, is 63mm taller. If you decide to buy on old wood table, the rigidity of the legs is vital otherwise it will collapse like a parallelogram.


Some bronze and copper clays, and some metals, need to be fired in activated charcoal granules in a stainless steel container. The SC2 and SC3, the Caldera-A, and the Xpress E9A and E10A can hold a one-litre container: most other kilns can hold a three-litre but check the internal size before you buy the container. It's important that the container doesn't touch the thermocouple.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

If you want to touch anything hot or move your kiln before it's cooled off, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. And, if you want to look into a red-hot kiln, wear glare-resistant glasses which protect your eyes from IR and UV.


Paragon kilns, made in the US, have been re-engineered and comprehensively tested for the UK, the EU, and most other countries. They're CE Marked and comply with EU safety standards. They're guaranteed for a year, and Paragon has an international, informed, and supportive user-base, and spares and repair centres.

The UK-EU digital programmer shows degrees Celsius, not degrees Fahrenheit as in the US. If you need to convert, this is how to do it. However, if you want to work in Fahrenheit, you can make a simple change to the programmer.


For help, or in the unlikely event of a fault, you can mail or call an engineer in the UK. However, home checks, adjustments, and repairs are quick and easy, needing little more than a PosiDriv screwdriver, and you can watch on-line videos. Alternatively, we can repair the kiln in our workshop at Cherry Heaven.

As with a lot of heavy consumer products made in the US but sold elsewhere, Paragon's guarantee covers replacement parts, not a return to the distributor or factory, and not any labour costs. However, as an example, replacing a programmer takes just a few minutes.

KILN FURNITURE: A GENERAL INTRODUCTION IMPORTANT
Paragon Kiln Shelf Kit. Paragon Rectangular Kiln Shelves. Paragon Round Kiln Shelves. Paragon Mixed Kiln Shelves.

Kiln Furniture: Rectangular, Round, Hexagonal, and Octagonal Shelves, And Posts.

Most kilns have a recommended furniture kit. Delivery companies have a low rate for parcels less than 30kg so, for smaller kilns weighing less than 30Kg, the kit is generally one shelf and four posts: included in the price because it fits in the box and doesn't add much to the overall weight.

You get a professional, durable, cordierite shelf with four 12mm high posts. You don't get a soft, ceramic-fibre shelf, often described as free, that will gradually break up and need replacing.

Shelf kits for rectangular or square kilns usually include four 25mm x 25mm x 12mm shelf posts, When flat, they're 12mm high: on their sides, they're 25mm. Other sizes, up to 150mm high, are available, so you can choose the shelf spacing that suits your kiln and your work. Shelves for cylindrical kilns usually have three posts.

The recommended kit is usually the simplest that works: not an expensive collection that I've put together for you. However, extra shelf kits allow you to stack your work, optimising your use of the firing chamber volume, the unit-cost of firing, and your time. And extra half-shelves or smaller shelves allow you to fire a mix of shorter and taller pieces.


For larger kilns weighing more than 30Kg, shelf kits are not included in the price because you'll probably want to choose your own mix of shelves, half-shelves, smaller shelves, and assorted-height posts.


One shelf should stay on the floor of the firing chamber all the time in case you accidentally spill or melt anything: solidified glass or metal is impossible to pick off without damaging the ceramic-fibre or firebrick.

Shelves are not meant to be an exact fit in the kiln. You need finger space all round and they mustn't scrape the kiln walls every time they're put in or taken out. Be careful lifting heavy shelves out of a top-opening kiln: if you drop them they will damage the firebricks.

Although they look tough, most ceramics break if they're dropped on a hard floor, so it's a good idea to have spare shelves, especially if your business depends on your kiln or you're running courses.


During firing sequences with heating, holding, and cooling segments, the elements turn on and off repeatedly. In a small kiln, with little residual heat, the inevitable temperature changes can make glass crack as it expands and contracts. A thick heavy shelf stores heat and, because it's resting on posts, the air circulates, helping to even out the normal temperature fluctuations.


If you're buying your first kiln, you're probably interested in one material, such as silver clay, or one process, such as enamelling. However, after a few successes, and failures, most people want to try different materials, make larger pieces, experiment with combinations, fire more at a time, and soon become interested in something else: or everything else. Some start a business or run classes.

You might want a full shelf, two half-shelves, several mixed shelves, a set of shelf posts, a bead-mandrel holder, glass separator, hot gloves, kiln wash, a knife-making rack, pyrometric cones, a tile holder, or other accessories.

Shelves are heavy, so kits ordered separately need a box and protective packing and attract an extra delivery charge. Outside the UK mainland, this might be expensive. So, if you think you'll need them, order them with your kiln, along with any other accessories, materials, parts, or tools.


For dichroics, enamelling, and glass fusing, put kiln paper on the shelf to stop the glass sticking: it's simpler and cleaner to use than glass separator. Bullseye Thinfire shelf paper, probably the most popular, ensures easy separation between your glass and the kiln shelf. One side feels slightly smoother than the other: that's the glass side.

Generally, glasswork needs radiant heat and will fuse, sag, or slump better on one shelf than between closely stacked shelves, although experienced glass artists often use several shelves successfully.

Delicate pieces can be fired on a puffed-up ceramic-fibre cloth: on a shelf. Round pieces, that could roll to one side, can be fired on a hollowed-out ceramic-fibre block. However, if the kin has elements in the bottom as with the Mini-Kiln and Prometheus Pro-7, a cloth or block will act as insulator and the kiln might overheat.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with ceramic-fibre blocks, ceramic cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

If you want to touch anything hot, or move your kiln before it's cooled off, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. And, if you want to look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV.


If your day-to-day work depends on your kiln and down-time will be disruptive or expensive, it's a good idea to have spares: extra shelves, a selection of posts, elements, a relay, and a thermocouple.

You can learn about ceramic blocks and cloths, charcoal, dust masks, glare-resistant glasses, glass separator, heat-resistant gloves, kiln vents, kiln wash, programmers, protective glasses, USB interfaces, shelf paper, tools, and other accessories, using the accessories link below the menu bar near the top of the front page. And they're all in the on-line shop.


Shelves are checked before despatch and are wrapped protectively. But they're not guaranteed and we cannot be responsible for any later damage.

FIRING CHARACTERISTICS

How Electric Kilns Work.

Generally, as soon as a programmable kiln starts its firing sequence, it begins to heat up at a rate set by the programmer. It can't heat up quicker than it would do with the elements full on all the time.

The thermocouple tells the programmer the current internal temperature and, depending on the sequence you've chosen, the programmer turns the elements on or off to control the sequence segments: the heating rate, the target temperature, the hold time, and the cooling rate. It can't cool down quicker than it would do with the kiln turned off. When the sequence is complete, the kiln beeps, and the sequence stops.


For safety, the programmer doesn't switch the full mains voltage. Instead it drives a relay, an electro-mechanical switch. The programmer uses a low voltage to activate the switch which turns the high-voltage high-current elements on or off.


When the target temperature is reached, the programmer switches the elements off. However, residual heat in the firing chamber allows the internal temperature to overshoot the target temperature briefly before starting to fall back.

This overshoot is more evident at low temperatures than at high temperatures, and in small kilns rather than large kilns. For example: 300°C will probably overshoot to 350°C whereas 800°C will probably only overshoot to 805°C before starting to fall back.

However, our Sentry Xpress programmers have a software modification that slows down the heating just before the target temperature, reducing any overshoot and improving the accuracy.

During the hold-time, with the elements still off, the temperature starts to fall. When the programmer switches the elements back on, the firing chamber will initially absorb some of the new heat before the temperature recovers. The continual switching of the elements on and off causes the internal temperature to oscillate either side of the target temperature.

This is similar to central heating. If you set it for 21°C, it probably oscillates, quite slowly, around 20°C to 22°C: and you won't notice. The accuracy will depend on where the thermostat is sited, how quickly it responds, how accurate it is, how long it takes for the radiators to heat up, and if you have doors and windows open. The temperature will probably be different in each room.

So, regardless of the thermocouple temperature, the actual temperature of your work will be slightly different, depending on its position on the kiln shelf, the vertical spacing of any stacked shelves, and its nearness to the elements, a lid, a door, a bead door, or a window. Learn to take this into account if you're working with temperature-critical materials or processes.


Remember that glass needs radiant heat and will fuse, sag, or slump better on one shelf at the bottom than between closely stacked shelves.


Kiln doors and lids are not meant to be a perfect fit otherwise, at high temperatures, there'd be no room for expansion and movement, and the door could stick and the ceramic-fibre or firebricks could crack.

All kilns smell a bit, and even produce whisps of smoke, during the first firings, just like a toaster or a fan heater. If you're worried about fumes, open a window.

Eventually, with normal use, kilns discolour slightly, inside and outside, and some firebricks might develop hairline cracks. Your kiln is a versatile, robust, red-hot tool: not an ornament.

KEEPING A KILN LOG

Keeping A Kiln Log.

Using your kiln successfully needs critical research and frequent tests, especially as things that work for your friends and teachers might not work in the same way for you. It's also very important to learn how to creatively use unexpected effects. So, keep a firing log:


Buy a durable notebook. Use a new page for every firing, and draw diagrams of the shelves, their vertical spacing, and the position of your work on the shelves. Along with your work, put a few scraps at different places on the shelves to learn how things change. Describe the material, the shape of your work, the firing cycle, and the end result. Add a few photos and sketches, and mark the page corners with coloured dots or symbols as a quick reminder of your success rating.

A kiln log is vital if you're experimenting with temperature-sensitive materials or working with metals, coloured dichroic glasses, enamels, glazes, or china paints, and a skilled artist will use the kiln log to advantage to re-create effects. It'll be particularly useful if you have to repeat a commission, or you have a long holiday before returning to your studio.


Some Paragon kilns have a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel Touch Screen programmer which can be connected to your computer through a factory-fitted USB interface. The Control Master software allows you to control and monitor the firing, and analyse, arrange, save, and print out the data. If you want this feature, make sure you order the USB interface in the on-line shop.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO METAL CLAYS
Art Clay Silver Clay. Acrylic Tools. Clay Shapers. Hand Tools.

What Is A Metal Clay?

Metal Clays are clay-like materials made of fine metal powders and water-soluble organic binders. Out of the packet they feel like modelling clay, so can be shaped using anything appropriate. If you don't like what you've made, you can roll it up and start again. Any scraps can be wrapped up in cling-film or foil and re-used, so there's almost no waste.

When you're happy with your work, it's dried so that the moisture can evaporate. At this stage it feels like a plaster, so you can still refine the shape: or even add more clay.

As it's fired, the binders vapourise, releasing small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid metal: real metal, not something that just looks like metal. The firing temperature isn't high enough to melt the metal otherwise your work would liquify and lose it's shape.


Although Art Clay and PMC silver clays were first to market, there's now an increasingly diverse range of metal clays, such as Cinter, Clay Mania, Creative, Goldie, Hadar Jacobson, Metal Adventures, Meteor, Noble, PMC Sterling, and Prometheus.

I sometimes get asked if there's a platinum metal clay: there is, but it's an industrial product. Platinum melts at 1772°C, so a platimum clay would probably need to fire at around 1600°C: beyond the maximum temperature of conventional kilns.


All our tools have been chosen for their engineering excellence and clean functionality, to help you manage a creative and efficient work environment. And you'll enjoy using good tools rather than continually improvising. To learn more, use the accessories-tools link below the menu bar near the top of the page.

SILVER CLAY
Art Clay Silver Pendant. Art Clay Silver Necklace. Art Clay Silver Pendant. Art Clay Silver Brooch.

Aida Art Clay Silver And Mitsubishi PMC Silver Clay.

There are two popular makes of silver clay: Art Clay made by Aida Chemical Industries and PMC made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, in Japan. They're both clay-like materials made of fine silver powder and water-soluble organic binders.

Art Clay Silver and PMC Silver, sometimes just called silver clay, metal clay, or precious-metal clay, are easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold-time.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid 999 silver: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


Although we chose to work with, sell, and provide classes in Art Clay, both makes fire in a similar way. So any kiln suitable for Art Clay will be just as good for PMC.

If you're currently using PMC, try Art Clay. There are differences in the feel, the shrinkage, the strength, the surface lustre, the product range, the pricing, and the general commercial setup if you're running a serious business.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

BRONZE CLAY
Bronze-Copper Lobster Bangle By Gordon Uyehara.

Bronze Clay And BronzClay.

There are three popular makes of bronze clay: Bronze Clay made by ClayMania, BronzClay made by Metal Adventures, and Prometheus Bronze ProClay made by Odak. They're all clay-like materials made of fine bronze powder and water-soluble organic binders. However, they're fired in different ways:

Prometheus Bronze Clay is easy to fire: wrap your dried work in kitchen tissue or ceramic cloth, put it on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. It can also be fired in charcoal.

Clay Mania Bronze Clay and MetalAdventures BronzClay fire in a special way. Fired normally, the surface would oxidise so, to minimize this, they're embedded in activated charcoal granules in a covered stainless steel container. Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural bronze colour, and charcoal made from coal produces a colourful range of patinas.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid bronze, an alloy of 89% copper and 11% tin: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.


The stainless steel container for the Paragon SC-2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm high, and holds 1 litre of charcoal. To fire larger pieces, or more pieces at the same time, you'll need a larger kiln, such as the Paragon Xpress E-12A. The container for the E-12A measures 265mm x 162mm x 152mm high and holds 3 litres of charcoal.

The 1230°C firebrick E12A costs more than the 1095°C ceramic-fibre SC2. However, it's two and a half times larger than the SC-2 and is a versatile mixed-media kiln suited to continual high temperatures.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


I can't recommend one clay as being the best. There are differences in the feel, the firing, the shrinkage, the strength, and the surface patinas, so try them and experiment: they're not expensive.
However, as Prometheus Bronze Clay is easy to fire and costs less than the others, try it first? It comes as 100gm of soft clay in a packet, or 10gm of creamy clay in a syringe with three tips that you can cut or shape.

There's also Creative Bronze, which is almost certainly Prometheus Bronze Clay renamed. I'll leave it you to work out why very similar products can differ so much in price.


Also, in November 2014, 100gms of Art Clay Silver Clay costs about 12 times more than Prometheus Bronze Clay. So, if you're still in the learning phase, you can try out ideas before possibly wasting your expensive silver clay. However, bronze is a beautiful metal so, as with many materials, you need to exploit its qualities and try to produce beautiful original pieces.

To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

COPPER CLAY
Copper Earring By Zina Kuscynska Richterova.

Copper Clay And CopprClay.

There are four popular makes of copper clay: Art Clay Copper made by Aida Chemical Industries, Copper Clay made by ClayMania, CopprClay made by Metal Adventures, and Prometheus Copper ProClay made by Odak. They're all clay-like materials made of fine copper powder and water-soluble organic binders. However, they're fired in different ways:

Clay Mania Copper Clay and MetalAdventures CopprClay fire in a special way. Fired normally, the surface would oxidise so, to minimize this, they're embedded in activated charcoal granules in a covered stainless steel container. Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural copper colour.

Art Clay Copper is easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. In most kilns, several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time: so you might want more than one.

Prometheus Copper Clay is easy to fire: wrap your dried work in kitchen tissue or ceramic cloth, put it on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. It can also be fired in charcoal.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid copper: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.


The stainless steel container for the Paragon SC-2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm, and holds 1 litre of charcoal. To fire larger pieces, or more pieces at the same time, you'll need a larger kiln, such as the Paragon Xpress E-12A. The container for the E-12A measures 265mm x 162mm x 152mm and holds 3 litres of charcoal.

The 1230°C firebrick E12A costs more than the 1095°C ceramic-fibre SC2. However, it's two and a half times larger than the SC-2 and is a versatile mixed-media kiln suited to continual high temperatures.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


I can't recommend one clay as being the best. There are differences in the feel, the firing, the shrinkage, the strength, and the surface patinas, so try them and experiment: they're not expensive.
However, as Prometheus Copper Clay is easy to fire and costs less than the others, try it first? It comes as 100gm of soft clay in a packet, or 10gm of creamy clay in a syringe with three tips that you can cut or shape.

There's also Creative Copper, which is almost certainly Prometheus Copper Clay renamed. I'll leave it you to work out why very similar products can differ so much in price.


Also, in November 2014, 100gms of Art Clay Silver Clay costs about 12 times more than Prometheus Copper Clay. So, if you're still in the learning phase, you can try out ideas before possibly wasting your expensive silver clay. However, copper is a beautiful metal so, as with many materials, you need to exploit its qualities and try to produce beautiful original pieces.

To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

GOLD CLAY
Gold Clay Pendant By Claudia S Atkins.

Aida Art Clay Gold And Mitsubishi PMC Gold Clay.

There are two popular makes of gold clay: Art Clay made by Aida Chemical Industries and PMC made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, in Japan. They're both clay-like materials made of fine gold powder and water-soluble organic binders.

Art Clay Gold and PMC Gold, sometimes just called gold clay, metal clay, or precious-metal clay, are easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold-time.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid 22 carat gold: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


Although we chose to work with, sell, and provide classes in Art Clay, both makes fire in a similar way. So any kiln suitable for Art Clay will be just as good for PMC.

If you're currently using PMC, try Art Clay. There are differences in the feel, the shrinkage, the strength, the surface lustre, the product range, the pricing, and the general commercial setup if you're running a serious business.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO GLASS
Obsidian. Fish. Curved Glass by Infabbrica. Lauscha By Carrie Fertig.

What Is Glass?

The main component of glass is silicon dioxide, often called silica: found naturally and plentifully as sand. When it melts, at around 1700°C, it's like syrup on a cold day. When it cools, it forms a rigid brittle glass called quartz glass.

To lower the melting point, and reduce the cost of melting, chemicals are added: typically sodium carbonate and calcium oxide. Other chemicals, and different heating and cooling processes, produce a range of colours and mechanical properties.

Chemically, glass is defined as an amorphous solid but, as it's heated, it becomes softer allowing it to be blown, cast, coated, decorated, engraved, heat-treated, moulded, poured, pressed, sagged, and slumped.

A form of glass occurs naturally within the mouth of a volcano when the intense heat of an eruption melts sand to form Obsidian, a hard black-to-brown glassy type of stone, shown in the photo. Although it was used decoratively, when it fractures it has very sharp edges, many times sharper than a steel knife-edge, so was also used for tools and weapons, and the pitiful rituals of circumcision and female genital mutilation.

ANNEALING
Annealed Beads Made Into A Necklace.

What Is Annealing?

During annealing, fabrication stresses are relieved as the molecules cool and arrange themselves into a regular stable matrix. Successful annealing is the key to creating glasswork that will remain attractive and durable. It's quite a long process, so a kiln with an automatic comprehensive programmer is essential.

FREE BEAD ANNEALING GUIDE

Bead Annealing Guide.

You can download, and print, a Bead Annealing Guide. Paragon created it in 2013 so, although it might have been updated, it's only a guide, not a contemporary definitive document. Click here. It's a pdf file, but your device should already have a pdf viewer.

DICHROIC GLASS
Dichroic Glass.

What Are Dichroic Glasses.

Dichroic glass has two different colours: a transmitted colour and a reflective colour, both of which change depending on the angle of view. For example blue-red will be blue in transmission and red in reflection.

During manufacture, quartz and metal oxides are vapourised onto the surface of the glass using a vacuum deposition process, forming a multi-layer crystal structure.

ENAMELLING
Enamelled Jewellery.

What Is Enamelling?

Enamelling involves applying a glass paste to metal and then heating it to fuse it to the surface. The finish of the enamel can be translucent or opaque depending on the temperature used to melt the glass. Higher temperatures result in a more transparent and durable enamel whilst lower temperatures give a more opaque and fragile surface. Dyes and pigments can be included to produce any colour.

Paragon make a kiln designed for this: the SC2, although other kilns are fine. So click the sc2-sc3 link under the menu bar near the top of the page. The SC-2W and SC-3W doors include a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in the centre of the door, allowing you to take a quick peep at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress

FIRE POLISHING
Fire Polished Glass.

What Is Fire Polishing?

To fire polish glass, return the items to the kiln and melt them just enough to give a smooth polished appearance. It needs a temperature of around 700°C, and is often used to round the edges of glass after fusing.

Fire polishing already-slumped items is more difficult because the polishing temperature is close to the slumping temperature and it can distort the appearance of the piece. So it generally works best for flat items, rather than slumped ones. It has the slight limitation that the part of the item that touches the kiln shelf won't polish.

FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Fused Glass.

What Is Glass Fusing?

If two or more pieces of glass in contact are heated, they begin to soften and fuse together. With careful heating and cooling, the separate pieces of glass become one.

If glass is put on a mould and heated, it begins to soften and collapse, or sag, onto the mould: a common technique for making bowls and plates.

Sagging and slumping are often thought of as being the same. Correctly: during sagging, heated glass, supported at its edges, sags down in the middle to conform to a mould; during slumping, heated glass, supported at its middle, slumps down at its edges to conform to a mould.

LAMPWORK AND BEADS
Beads.

What Is Lampwork?

Lamp-working is the traditional name for glasswork that uses a flame to melt glass rods and tubes. As the glass softens, it's shaped by turning and using tools.

Early lampworkers used an oil-lamp, and blew air into the flame through a pipe. Later, propane, natural gas, or butane torches replaced the lamp, although kilns are now increasingly popular, particularly for annealing.

Beads are usually made on steel rods, or mandrels. When the beads are finished, the rods are removed leaving holes for threading the beads. Cold working techniques can be used, such as etching, faceting, polishing, and sandblasting.

LOST-WAX BURNOUT
Paragon W13 Lost Wax Casting Kiln With A Sentry Programmer.

What Is Lost Wax Casting?

Lost-wax burnout starts with making a wax shape and then making a mould of the shape. When the mould is heated in a kiln, the wax melts out through channels, usually over a burnout grate and into a tray. The shape is then cast in glass or metal from the mould.

It's important to prevent wax or carbon sticking to the elements, so burnout kilns have a top vent to release the fumes. Carbon build-up inside a kiln conducts electricity and can cause the elements to short circuit.

Paragon make kilns designed for this: the W series. So click the w-lost-wax-burnout link under the menu bar near the top of the page. They all have top vents and optional wax trays.

SLUMPING BOTTLES
Slumped Bottle.

What Is Glass Slumping?

This a simple technique but it requires good ideas. A bottle, such as those used for wine, beer, cola, or champagne, is softened in a kiln so that it begins to flatten out or conforms to a mould. There are too many moulds to stock here but there are lots available on line. Or make your own from clay.

The bottles need to be clean and dry, with all paper labels and tops removed. Put them in your kiln on a shelf, either with shelf paper or kiln wash to prevent the glass sticking to the shelf.

Paragon makes a kiln designed for this: the Trio. So click the trio link under the menu bar near the top of the page. It's wide enough for most bottles but can still use a regular socket.

PÂTE DE VERRE
Pâte De Verre.

What Is Pâte De Verre?

Pâte de verre involves making a glass paste, applying it to a mould, firing it, and removing the piece from the mould. The glass paste is usually made from glass powder, a binder such as gum arabic, distilled water, and colouring agents or enamels. It allows precise placing of colours in the mould, whereas other techniques often result in the glass straying from its intended position.

I think, currently, Daum is the only large commercial crystal manufacturer using the pâte de verre process for art glass and crystal sculptures.

STAINED GLASS
Stained Glass.

What Is Stained Glass?

Stained glass is glass that has been coloured by adding metallic salts during its manufacture. The coloured glass is crafted into stained glass windows in which small pieces of glass are arranged to form patterns or pictures, traditionally held together by strips of lead and supported by a rigid frame. Painted details and yellow stain are often used to enhance the design.

The term stained glass is also applied to windows in which the colours have been painted onto the glass and then fused to the glass in a kiln.

It requires artistic skill to conceive an appropriate and workable design, and engineering skills to assemble the piece. A window must fit snugly into the space for which it is made, must resist wind and rain, and also, especially in the larger windows, must support its own weight. Many large windows have withstood the test of time and remained substantially intact since the Late Middle Ages.

TACK FUSING
Tack Fused Glass.

What Is Tack Fusing?

Tack fusing is the joining together of glass, with as little change to the shape of the pieces as possible. Tack fusing may be used either decoratively, or to assemble a large piece of glass from laminations.

Where tack fusing is used to apply small decorative details to a larger piece, you might want to partially melt the small pieces so that they change shape, usually becoming more spherical under the influence of surface tension, but without changing the shape of the carrier piece. This can be done by using an increased temperature, but only briefly. The carrier piece has a larger thermal mass, so heats up more slowly than the small decorations.

VITRIGRAPH WORK
Glass Stringers.

What Is Vitrigraph?

The vitrigraph process usually uses a kiln to make glass stringers. The bottom of the kiln is removed and set aside. The kiln body is put on a thick ceramic square with a central hole.

A crucible of glass is put inside, and the whole combination lifted well away from the floor to allow moulten glass to fall through a hole in the crucible and form long stringers. Ceramic squares are in the on-line shop.

Paragon make a kiln designed for this: the Caldera. So click the caldera link under the menu bar near the top of the page. The bottom is a separate part and can be unclipped.

WARM GLASS

What Is Warm Glass?

The term warm glass refers to fusing, slumping, and other glass processes which take place at temperatures between about 600°C to 925°C. Although that doesn't sound warm, it is when you compare it to glassblower's working temperatures, which often exceed 1100°C. Warm glass is sometimes called kiln-formed glass.

PARAGON KILNS EU

Paragon Kilns: A Cherry Heaven Internet Resource.

is a Cherry Heaven internet resource. It's a top-tier international distributor for Texas-made Paragon kilns, furnaces, ovens, and accessories, and has been one of their top-selling partners from 2006 to : a pleasing outcome since the UK is only one third the area of Texas and one fortieth the area of the US.

As this is an on-line resource, there isn't a paper catalogue or a price list. However, you can mail or call a technician about kilns, power supplies, public area safety, a special project, business ideas, diagnostics, repairs, or reselling opportunities.


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